• Chapuis L, Collin SP, Yopak KE, McCauley RD, Kempster RM, Ryan LA, Schmidt C, Kerr CC, Gennari E, Egeberg CA and Hart NS (2019) The effect of underwater sounds on shark behaviour. Scientific Reports 9:6924. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-43078-w
  • Hilder PE, Battaglene SC, Hart NS, Collin SP and Cobcroft JM (2019) Retinal adaptations of southern bluefin tuna larvae: Implications for culture. Aquaculture 507: 222–232. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.04.024
  • Egeberg CA, Kempster RM, Hart NS, Ryan LA, Chapuis L, Kerr CC, Schmidt C, Gennari E, Yopak KE and Collin SP (2019) Not all electric shark deterrents are made equal: effects of a commercially available electric anklet deterrent on white shark behaviour. PLoS One 14(3): e0212851. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0212851
  • Gower DJ, Sampaio FL, Peichl L, Wagner H-J, Loew ER, McLamb W, Douglas RH, Orlov N; Grace MS, Hart NS, Hunt DM, Partridge JC and Simões BF (2019) Evolution of the eyes of vipers with and without infrared-sensing pit organs. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 126(4): 796–823. DOI: 10.1093/biolinnean/blz003
  • Hart NS, Mountford JK, Voight V, Fuller-Carter P, Barth M, Nerbonne JM, Hunt DM and Carvalho LS (2019) The role of the voltage-gated potassium channel proteins Kv8.2 and Kv2.1 in vision and retinal disease: insights from the study of mouse gene knock-out mutations. eNeuro eneuro.0032-19.2019. DOI: 10.1523/eneuro.0032-19.2019
  • Ogawa Y, Ryan LA, Palavalli-Nettimi R, Seeger O, Hart NS and Narendra A (2019) Spatial resolving power and contrast sensitivity are adapted for ambient light conditions in Australian Myrmecia ants. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7: 18. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2019.00018


  • Garza-Gisholt E, Hart NS and Collin SP (2018) Retinal morphology and visual specializations in three species of chimaeras, the deep sea Rhinochimaera pacifica and Chimaera lignaria, and the vertical migrator Callorhinchus milii (Holocephali). Brain, Behavior and Evolution 92(1-2): 47-62. DOI: 10.1159/000490655
  • Ryan LA, Chapuis L, Hemmi JM, Collin SP, McCauley RD, Yopak KE, Gennari E, Huveneers C, Kempster RM, Kerr CC, Schmidt C, Egeberg CA and Hart NS (2018) Effects of auditory and visual stimuli on shark feeding behaviour: the disco effect. Marine Biology 165: 11. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-017-3256-0


  • Kelley JL, Taylor I, Hart NS and Partridge JC (2017) Aquatic prey use countershading camouflage to match the visual background. Behavioral Ecology 28(5): 1314–1322.  DOI: 10.1093/beheco/arx093
  • Nagloo N, Hart NS and Collin SP (2017) Ontogenetic changes in spectral sensitivity and retinal topography in the retina of the yellowtail kingfish (Seriola lalandi): Implications for the global Seriola aquaculture industry. Aquaculture 474: 130-137. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2017.03.042
  • Ryan LA, Hemmi JM, Collin SP and Hart NS (2017) Electrophysiological measures of temporal resolution, contrast sensitivity and spatial resolving power in sharks. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 203(3): 197–210.  DOI: 10.1007/s00359-017-1154-z
  • Warrington RE, Hart NS, Potter IC, Collin SP and Hemmi JM (2017) Retinal temporal resolution and contrast sensitivity in the parasitic lamprey Mordacia mordax and its non-parasitic derivative M. praecox. Journal of Experimental Biology 220(7): 1245–1255.  DOI: 10.1242/jeb.150383


  • Ryan LA, Hart NS, Collin SP and Hemmi JM (2016) Visual resolution and contrast sensitivity in two benthic sharks.  Journal of Experimental Biology 219(24): 3971–3980.  DOI: 10.1242/jeb.132100
  • Hart NS and Fitzgerald M (2016) A new perspective on delivery of red-near-infrared light therapy for disorders of the brain. Discovery Medicine 22(120): 147–156.
  • Simões BF, Sampaio FL, Douglas R, Kodandaramaiah U, Casewell NR, Harrison RA, Hart NS, Partridge JC, Hunt DM and Gower DJ (2016) Visual pigments, ocular filters and the evolution of snake vision.  Molecular Biology and Evolution 33(10): 2483–2495.  DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msw148
  • Cortesi F, Musilová Z, Stieb SM, Hart NS, Siebeck UE, Cheney KL, Salzburger W and Marshall NJ (2016) From crypsis to mimicry: changes in colour and the configuration of the visual system during ontogenetic habitat transitions in a coral reef fish.  Journal of Experimental Biology 219(16): 2545-2558.  DOI: 10.1242/jeb.139501
  • Lamb TD, Patel H, Chuah A, Natoli RC, Davies WIL, Hart NS, Collin SP and Hunt DM (2016) Evolution of vertebrate phototransduction: cascade activation. Molecular Biology and Evolution 33(8): 2064–2087.  DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msw095
  • Hart NS, Mountford JK, Davies WIL, Collin SP and Hunt DM (2016) Visual pigments in a palaeognath bird, the emu Dromaius novaehollandiae: implications for spectral sensitivity and the origin of ultraviolet vision. Proceedings of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 283(1834): 20161063.  DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2016.1063
  • Kempster RM; Egeberg CA; Hart NS; Ryan LA; Chapuis C; Kerr C; Schmidt C; Huveneers C; Gennari E; Yopak K; Meeuwig J and Collin SP (2016) How close is too close? The effect of a non-lethal electric shark deterrent on white shark behaviour. PLoS One 11(7): e0157717. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157717
  • Appudurai AM, Hart NS, Zurr I and Collin SP (2016) Morphology, characterisation and distribution of retinal photoreceptors in the South American (Lepidosiren paradoxa) and spotted African (Protopterus dolloi) lungfishes.  Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 4: Article 78. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2016.00078
  • Ashworth BE, Stephens E, Bartlett CA, Serghiou S, Giacci MK, Williams A, Hart NS and Fitzgerald M (2016) Comparative assessment of phototherapy protocols for reduction of oxidative stress in partially transected spinal cord slices undergoing secondary degeneration BMC Neuroscience 17(1):21. DOI: 10.1186/s12868-016-0259-6
  • Nagloo N, Collin SP, Hemmi JM and Hart NS (2016) Spatial resolving power and spectral sensitivity of the saltwater crocodile, Crocodylus porosus, and the freshwater crocodile, Crocodylus johnstoniJournal of Experimental Biology 219(9): 1394–1404. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.135673
  • Gerlach T, Theobald J, Hart NS, Collin SP and Michiels NK (2016) Fluorescence characterisation and visual ecology of pseudocheilinid wrasses. Frontiers in Zoology 13:13. DOI: 10.1186/s12983-016-0145-1
  • Kempster RM, Egeberg CA, Hart NS and Collin SP (2016) Electrosensory-driven feeding behaviours of the Port Jackson shark (Heterodontus portusjacksoni) and Western shovelnose ray (Aptychotrema vincentiana). Marine and Freshwater Research 67: 187–194. DOI: 10.1071/MF14245
  • Simões BF, Sampaio FL, Loew ER; Sanders KL, Fisher RN, Hart NS, Hunt DM, Partridge JC and Gower DJ (2016) Multiple rod-cone and cone-rod photoreceptor transmutations in snakes – evidence from visual opsin gene expression.  Proceedings of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 283 (1823): 20152624. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.2624


  • Salas CA, Yopak KE, Warrington RE, Hart NS, Potter IC and Collin SP (2015) Ontogenetic shifts in brain scaling reflect behavioral changes in the life cycle of the pouched lamprey Geotria australisFrontiers in Neuroscience 9:251. DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2015.00251
  • Garza-Gisholt E, Kempster RM, Hart NS and Collin SP (2015) Visual specializations in five sympatric species of stingrays from the family Dasyatidae. Brain, Behavior and Evolution 85(4): 217–232. DOI: 10.1159/000381091
  • Simões BF, Sampaio FL, Jared C, Antoniazzi MM, Loew ER, Bowmaker JK, Rodriguez A, Hart NS, Hunt DM, Partridge JC and Gower DJ (2015) Visual system evolution and the nature of the ancestral snake.  Journal of Evolutionary Biology 28(7): 1309–1320. DOI: 10.1111/jeb.12663
  • Ryan LA, Meeuwig JJ, Hemmi JM, Collin SP and Hart NS (2015) It is not just size that matters: shark cruising speeds are species-specific. Marine Biology 162(6): 1307–1318.  DOI: 10.1007/s00227-015-2670-4
  • Kemp DJ, Herberstein ME, Fleishman LJ, Endler JA, Bennett  ATD, Dyer AG, Hart NS, Marshall J and Whiting MJ (2015) An integrative framework for the appraisal of coloration in nature.  American Naturalist 185(6): 705­–724.  DOI: 10.1086/681021
  • de Busserolles F, Hart NS, Hunt DM, Davies WIL, Marshall NJ, Clarke MW, Hahne D and Collin SP  (2015) Spectral tuning in the eyes of deep-sea lanternfishes (Myctophidae): a novel sexually dimorphic intra-ocular filter.  Brain, Behavior and Evolution 85(2): 77–93.  DOI: 10.1159/000371652
  • Giacci MK, Hart NS, Hartz RV, Harvey AR, Hodgetts SI and Fitzgerald M (2015) Method for the assessment of effects of a range of wavelengths and intensities of red/near-infrared light therapy on oxidative stress in vitro. Journal of Visualized Experiments (97) e52221.  Available at:  DOI: 10.3791/52221
  • Coimbra JP, Collin SP and Hart NS (2015) Variations in retinal photoreceptor topography and the organization of the rod-free zone reflect behavioral diversity in Australian passerines.  Journal of Comparative Neurology 523(7): 1073–1094. DOI: 10.1002/cne.23718
  • Cortesi F, Musilová Z, Stieb SM, Hart NS, Siebeck UE, Malstrøm M, Tørresen OK, Jentoft S, Cheney KL, Marshall NJ, Carleton KL and Salzburger W (2015) Ancestral duplications and highly dynamic opsin gene evolution in percomorph fishes.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 112(5): 1493–1498. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1417803112
  • Collin SP and Hart NS (2015) Vision and photoentrainment in fishes: the effects of natural and anthropogenic perturbation.  Integrative Zoology 10(1): 15–28.  DOI: 10.1111/1749-4877.12093
  • Hart NS and Collin SP (2015) Sharks senses and shark repellents.  Integrative Zoology 10(1): 38–64.  DOI: 10.1111/1749-4877.12095


  • Egeberg CA, Kempster RM, Theiss SM, Hart NS and Collin SP (2014) The distribution and abundance of electrosensory pores in two benthic sharks: a comparison of the wobbegong shark, Orectolobus maculatus, and the angel shark, Squatina australisMarine and Freshwater Research 65(11): 1003–1008. DOI: 10.1071/MF13213
  • Giacci MK, Wheeler L, Lovett S, Dishington E, Majda B, Bartlett CA, Thornton E, Harford-Wright E, Leonard A, Vink R, Harvey AR, Provis J, Dunlop SA, Hart NS, Hodgetts S, Natoli R, Van Den Heuvel C and Fitzgerald M (2014) Differential effects of 670 and 830 nm red near infrared irradiation therapy: a comparative study of optic nerve injury, retinal degeneration, traumatic brain and spinal cord injury. PLoS One 9(8): e104565. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104565
  • Claes JM, Partridge JC, Hart NS, Garza-Gisholt E, Ho H-C, Mallefet J and Collin SP (2014) Photon hunting in the twilight zone: visual features of mesopelagic bioluminescent sharks. PLoS One 9(8): e104213. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104213
  • Hudson NJ, Baker ML, Hart NS, Wynn JW, Gu Q, Huang Z, Zhang G, Ingham AB, Wang L and Reverter A (2014) Sensory rewiring in an echolocator: genome-wide modification of retinogenic and auditory genes in the bat Myotis davidiiG3 – Genes Genomes Genetics 4(10): 1825–1835. DOI: 10.1534/g3.114.011262
  • Coimbra JP, Collin SP and Hart NS (2014) Topographic specializations in the retinal ganglion cell layer of Australian passerines.  Journal of Comparative Neurology 522(16): 3609–3628. DOI: 10.1002/cne.23624
  • Coimbra JP, Collin SP and Hart NS (2014) Topographic specializations in the retinal ganglion cell layer correlate with lateralized visual behavior, ecology, and evolution in cockatoos.  Journal of Comparative Neurology 522(15): 3363–3385. DOI: 10.1002/cne.23637
  • Harahush BK, Hart NS and Collin SP (2014) Ontogenetic changes in retinal ganglion cell distribution and spatial resolving power in the brown-banded bamboo shark Chiloscyllium punctatum (Elasmobranchii).  Brain, Behavior and Evolution 83(4): 286–300. DOI: 10.1159/000361036
  • Garza-Gisholt E, Hemmi JM, Hart NS and Collin SP (2014) A comparison of spatial analysis methods for the construction of topographic maps of retinal cell density. PLoS One 9(4): e93485. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0093485


  • Kempster RM, Garza-Gisholt E, Egeberg CA, Hart NS, O’Shea O and Collin SP (2013) Sexual dimorphism of the electrosensory system: a quantitative analysis of nerve axons in the dorsal anterior lateral line nerve of the blue-spotted fantail stingray (Taeniura lymma).  Brain, Behavior and Evolution 81(4): 226–235. DOI: 10.1159/000351700
  • Fitzgerald M, Hodgetts S, Van Den Heuvel C, Natoli R, Hart NS, Valter K, Harvey AR, Vink R, Provis J and Dunlop SA (2013) Red/near-infrared irradiation therapy for treatment of central nervous system injuries and disorders.  Reviews in the Neurosciences 24(2): 205–226. DOI: 10.1515/revneuro-2012-0086
  • Coimbra JP, Hart NS, Collin SP and Manger PR (2013) Scene from above: Retinal ganglion cell topography and spatial resolving power in the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis).  Journal of Comparative Neurology 521(9): 2042–2057.  DOI: 10.1002/cne.23271
  • Claes JM, Dean MN, Nilsson D-E, Hart NS and Mallefet J (2013) A deepwater fish with ‘lightsabers’ – dorsal spine-associated luminescence in a counterilluminating lanternshark.  Scientific Reports 3: 1308. DOI: 10.1038/srep01308
  • Kempster RM, Hart NS and Collin SP (2013) Survival of the stillest: predator avoidance in shark embryos.  PLoS One 8(1): e52551. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052551


  • Coimbra JP, Nolan P, Collin SP and Hart NS (2012) Retinal ganglion cell topography and spatial resolving power in penguins.  Brain, Behavior and Evolution 80(4): 254–268 (+Cover).  DOI: 10.1159/000341901
  • Theiss SM, Davies WIL, Collin SP, Hunt DM and Hart NS (2012) Cone monochromacy and visual pigment spectral tuning in wobbegong sharks.  Biology Letters 8(6): 1019–1022.  DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2012.0663
  • Theiss SM, Collin SP and Hart NS (2012) The mechanosensory lateral line system in two species of wobbegong shark (Orectolobidae).  Zoomorphology 131(4): 339–348.  DOI: 10.1007/s00435-012-0161-4
  • Harahush BK, Green K, Webb R, Hart NS and Collin SP (2012) Optimal preservation of the shark retina for ultrastructural analysis: an assessment of chemical, microwave and high-pressure freezing fixation techniques.  Microscopy Research and Technique 75(9): 1218–1228.  DOI: 10.1002/jemt.22052
  • Wueringer BE, Squire L, Jr., Kajiura SM, Tibbetts IR, Hart NS and Collin SP (2012) Electric field detection in sawfish and shovelnose rays.  PLoS One 7(7): e41605.  DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041605
  • Lisney TJ, Theiss SM, Collin SP and Hart NS (2012) Vision in elasmobranchs and their relatives: 21st century advances.  Journal of Fish Biology 80(5): 2024–2054.  DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2012.03253.x
  • Coyle BJ, Hart NS, Carleton KL and Borgia G (2012) Limited variation in visual sensitivity among bowerbird species suggests that there is no link between spectral tuning and variation in display colouration.  Journal of Experimental Biology 215(7): 1090–1105.  DOI: 10.1242/jeb.062224
  • Wueringer BE, Squire L, Jr., Kajiura SM, Hart NS, Collin SP (2012) The function of the sawfish’s saw.  Current Biology 22(5): R150–151.  DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.01.055
  • Schieber NL, Collin SP and Hart NS (2012) Comparative retinal anatomy in four species of elasmobranch.  Journal of Morphology 273(4): 423–440.  DOI: 10.1002/jmor.11033
  • Hart NS, Coimbra JP, Collin SP and Westhoff G (2012) Photoreceptor types, visual pigments, and topographic specializations in the retinas of hydrophiid sea snakes.  Journal of Comparative Neurology 520(6): 1246–1261.  DOI: 10.1002/cne.22784


  • Van-Eyk SM, Siebeck UE, Champ CM, Marshall NJ and Hart NS (2011) Behavioural evidence for colour vision in an elasmobranch. Journal of Experimental Biology 214(24): 4186-4192.  DOI: 10.1242/jeb.061853
  • Ullmann JFP, Gallagher T, Hart NS, Barnes A, Smullen RP, Collin SP and Temple SE (2011) Tank colour increases growth, and alters colour preference and spectral sensitivity, in barramundi (Lates calcarifer).  Aquaculture 322–323: 235–240.  DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.10.005
  • Avilés JM, Soler JJ and Hart NS (2011) Sexual selection based on egg colour: physiological models and egg discrimination experiments in a cavity-nesting bird.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65(9): 1721–1730.  DOI: 10.1007/s00265-011-1180-8
  • Wilson M, Nacsa N, Hart NS, Weller C and Vaney DI (2011) Regional distribution of nitrergic neurons in the inner retina of the chicken.  Visual Neuroscience 28(3): 205–220.  DOI: 10.1017/S0952523811000083
  • Theiss SM, Collin SP and Hart NS (2011) Morphology and distribution of the ampullary electroreceptors in wobbegong sharks: implications for feeding behaviour.  Marine Biology 158(4): 723–735.  DOI: 10.1007/s00227-010-1595-1
  • Hart NS, Theiss SM, Harahush BK and Collin SP (2011) Microspectrophotometric evidence for cone monochromacy in sharks.  Naturwissenschaften 98(3): 193–201.  DOI: 10.1007/s00114-010-0758-8


  • Theiss SM, Collin SP and Hart NS (2010) Interspecific visual adaptations among wobbegong sharks (Orectolobidae).  Brain, Behavior and Evolution 76(3–4): 248-260.  DOI: 10.1159/000321330
  • Fitzgerald M, Bartlet CA, Payne SC, Hart NS, Rodger J, Harvey AR and Dunlop SA (2010) Near infrared light reduces oxidative stress and preserves function in CNS tissue vulnerable to secondary degeneration following partial transection of the optic nerve.  Journal of Neurotrauma 27(11): 2107–2119.  DOI: 10.1089/neu.2010.1426
  • Temple S, Hart NS, Marshall N J and Collin SP (2010) A spitting image: specializations in archerfish eyes for vision at the interface between air and water. Proceedings of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 277 (1694): 2607-2615.  DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2010.0345
  • O’Connor M, Garm A, Marshall NJ, Hart NS, Ekström P, Skogh C and Nilsson D-E (2010) Visual pigment in the lens eyes of the box jellyfish Chiropsella bronzieProceedings of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 277 (1689): 1843–1848.  DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2009.2248


  • Collin SP, Davies WL, Hart NS and Hunt DM (2009) The evolution of early vertebrate photoreceptors.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 364(1531): 2925–2940.  DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2009.0099
  • Theiss SM, Hart NS and Collin SP (2009) Morphological indicators of olfactory capability in wobbegong sharks (Orectolobidae, Elasmobranchii).  Brain, Behavior and Evolution 73(2): 91-101.  DOI: 10.1159/000209865
  • Cheney KL, Skogh C, Hart NS and Marshall NJ (2009) Mimicry, colour forms and spectral sensitivity of the bluestriped fangblenny, Plagiotremus rhinorhynchos.  Proceedings of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 276(1662): 1565–1573.  DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.1819
  • Ödeen A, Hart NS and Håstad O (2009) Assessing the use of genomic DNA as a predictor of the maximum absorbance wavelength of avian SWS1 opsin visual pigments.  Journal of Comparative Physiology A 195(2): 167-173.  DOI: 10.1007/s00359-008-0395-2
  • Harahush BK, Hart NS, Green K and Collin SP (2009) Retinal neurogenesis and ontogenetic changes in the visual system of the brown banded bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium punctatum (Hemiscyllidae, Elasmobranchii).  Journal of Comparative Neurology 513(1): 83–97.  DOI: 10.1002/cne.21953 


  •  Hart NS, Bailes HJ, Vorobyev M, Marshall NJ and Collin SP (2008) Visual ecology of the Australian lungfish (Neoceratodus forsteri).  BMC Ecology 8: 21.  DOI: 10.1186/1472-6785-8-21
  • Michiels NK, Anthes N, Hart NS, Herler J, Meixner AJ, Schleifenbaum F, Schulte G, Siebeck UE, Sprenger D and Wucherer MF (2008) Red fluorescence in reef fish: a novel signalling mechanism?  BMC Ecology 8: 16.  DOI: 10.1186/1472-6785-8-16 


  •  Loyau A, Gomez D, Moureau B, Théry M, Hart NS, Saint Jalme M, Bennett ATD and Sorci G (2007) Iridescent structurally based coloration of eyespots correlates with male mating success in the peacock.  Behavioral Ecology 18(6): 1123–1131.  DOI: 10.1093/beheco/arm088
  • Mosk V, Thomas N, Hart NS, Partridge JC, Beazley LD and Shand J (2007) Spectral sensitivities of the seahorses Hippocampus subelongatus and Hippocampus barbouri, and the pipefish Stigmatopora argusVisual Neuroscience 24(3): 345–354.  DOI: 10.10170S0952523807070320
  • Hart NS and Hunt DM (2007) Avian visual pigments: characteristics, spectral tuning and evolution.  American Naturalist 169(1): Supplement S7–S26.
  • Theiss SM, Lisney TJ, Collin SP and Hart NS (2007) Colour vision and visual ecology of the blue-spotted maskray, Dasyatis kuhlii Müller & Henle, 1814.  Journal of Comparative Physiology A 193(1): 67–79.  DOI: 10.1007/s00359-006-0171-0 


  •  Hart NS, Lisney TJ and Collin SP (2006) Cone photoreceptor oil droplet pigmentation is affected by ambient light intensity.  Journal of Experimental Biology 209(23): 4776–4787.  DOI: 10.1242/jeb.02568
  • Schwab IR and Hart NS (2006) More than black and white.  British Journal of Ophthalmology 90: 406.  DOI: 10.1136/bjo.2005.085571


  • Arrese CA, Oddy AY, Runham PB, Hart NS, Shand J, Hunt DM and Beazley LD (2005) Cone topography and spectral sensitivity in two potentially trichromatic marsupials, the quokka (Setonix brachyurus) and quenda (Isoodon obesulus).  Proceedings of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 272(1565): 791–796.  DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2004.3009
  • Hart NS and Vorobyev M (2005) Modelling oil droplet absorption spectra and spectral sensitivities of bird cone photoreceptors.  Journal of Comparative Physiology A – Neuroethology Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology 191(4): 381–392.  DOI: 10.1007/s00359-004-0595-3


  • Hart NS, Lisney TJ, Marshall NJ and Collin SP (2004) Multiple cone visual pigments and the potential for trichromatic colour vision in two species of elasmobranch. Journal of Experimental Biology 207(26): 4587–4594.  DOI: 10.1242/jeb.01314
  • Collin SP, Hart NS, Wallace KM, Shand J and Potter IC (2004) Vision in the southern hemisphere lamprey Mordacia mordax: spatial distribution, spectral absorption characteristics and optical sensitivity of a single class of photoreceptor.  Visual Neuroscience 21(5): 765–773.  DOI: 10.10170S0952523804045109
  • Hart NS (2004) Microspectrophotometry of visual pigments and oil droplets in a marine bird, the wedge-tailed shearwater (Puffinus pacificus): topographic variations in photoreceptor spectral characteristics.  Journal of Experimental Biology 207(7): 1229–1240.  DOI: 10.1242/jeb.00857
  • Schwab IR and Hart NS (2004) Halcyon days.  British Journal of Ophthalmology 88: 613.  DOI: 10.1136/bjo.2004.045492


  • Schwab IR and Hart NS (2003) In the search for stereopsis.  British Journal of Ophthalmology 87: 1205.  DOI: 10.1136/bjo.87.10.1205
  • Collin SP, Hart NS, Shand J and Potter IC (2003) Morphology and spectral absorption characteristics of retinal photoreceptors in the southern hemisphere lamprey (Geotria australis).  Visual Neuroscience 20(2): 119–130.  DOI: 10.10170S0952523803202030


  • Hart NS (2002) Vision in the peafowl (Aves: Pavo cristatus).  Journal of Experimental Biology 205 (24): 3925–3935.
  • Shand J, Hart NS, Thomas N and Partridge JC (2002) Developmental changes in the cone visual pigments of black bream, Acanthopagrus butcheriJournal of Experimental Biology 205(23): 3661–3667.
  • Barbour HR, Archer MA, Hart NS, Thomas N, Dunlop SA, Beazley LD and Shand J (2002) Retinal characteristics of the ornate dragon lizard, Ctenophorus ornatusJournal of Comparative Neurology 450(4): 334–344.  DOI: 10.1002/cne.10308
  • Arrese CA, Hart NS, Thomas N, Beazley LD and Shand J (2002) Trichromacy in Australian marsupials.  Current Biology 12(8): 657–660.  DOI: 10.1016/S0960-9822(02)00772-8


  • Hart NS (2001) Variations in cone photoreceptor abundance and the visual ecology of birds. Journal of Comparative Physiology A – Neuroethology Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology 187(9): 685–697.  DOI: 10.1007/s00359-001-0240-3
  • Hart NS (2001) The visual ecology of avian photoreceptors. Progress in Retinal and Eye Research 20(5): 675–703.  DOI: 10.1016/S1350-9462(01)00009-X


  •  Hart NS, Partridge JC, Bennett ATD and Cuthill IC (2000) Visual pigments, cone oil droplets and ocular media in four species of estrildid finch.  Journal of Comparative Physiology A – Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology 186(7-8): 681–694.  DOI: 10.1007/s003590000121
  • Hart NS, Partridge JC, Cuthill IC and Bennett ATD (2000) Visual pigments, oil droplets, ocular media and cone photoreceptor distribution in two species of passerine bird: the blue tit (Parus caeruleus L.) and the blackbird (Turdus merula L.).  Journal of Comparative Physiology A – Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology 186(4): 375–387.  DOI: 10.1007/s003590050437
  • Hart NS, Partridge JC and Cuthill IC (2000) Retinal asymmetry in birds.  Current Biology 10(2): 115–117. DOI: 10.1016/S0960-9822(00)00297-9
  • Cuthill IC, Hart NS, Partridge JC, Bennett ATD, Hunt S and Church SC (2000) Avian colour vision and avian video playback experiments.  Acta Ethologica 3(1): 29–37.  DOI: 10.1007/s102110000027
  • Cuthill IC, Partridge, JC, Bennett ATD, Church SC, Hart NS and Hunt S (2000) Ultraviolet vision in birds.  Advances in the Study of Behavior 29(29): 159–214.  DOI: 10.1016/S0065-3454(08)60105-9 


  •  Hart NS, Partridge JC and Cuthill IC (1999) Visual pigments, oil droplets, ocular media and predicted spectral sensitivity in the domestic turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).  Vision Research 39(20): 3321–3328.  DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(99)00071-1


  • Hart NS, Partridge JC and Cuthill IC (1998) Visual pigments, oil droplets and cone photoreceptor distribution in the European starling (Sturnus vulgaris).  Journal of Experimental Biology 201(9): 1433–1446.
  • Church SC, Bennett ATD, Cuthill IC, Hunt S, Hart NS and Partridge JC (1998) Does lepidopteran larval crypsis extend into the ultraviolet?  Naturwissenschaften 85(4): 189–192.  DOI: 10.1007/s001140050483